The cays of La Parguera: Puerto Rico’s natural treasure

La Parguera, located in the southwest of Puerto Rico, stands as a sanctuary of biodiversity and natural beauty. Its cays and mangroves play a pivotal role in the Caribbean’s ecological balance. In this article, we’ll talk about why these ecosystems are so important, their connection with sustainable tourism, and how every visitor can help protect them.

Mangroves: The guardians of the cays

Mangroves are more than just trees growing in water; they are the heart of the cays. These trees and shrubs, growing in mixed salt and fresh water, serve as natural barriers, shielding the coast from erosion. They also give a home to many sea animals, like colorful fish and interesting shellfish.

Types of mangroves in La Parguera:

Red mangrove:
This mangrove is easily identifiable by its intricate aerial roots and its distinctive reddish bark. It’s the most common in La Parguera and acts as a refuge for many fish species.

Black mangrove:
With roots resembling fingers emerging from the water, this mangrove is essential for stabilizing the soil and preventing erosion.

White mangrove:
Though less common and found more inland, the white mangrove is crucial for the overall health of the mangrove ecosystem.

Tips for caring and preserving mangroves

Mangroves are fragile and vital ecosystems that demand our attention and care. As you enjoy of the beauty of La Parguera, you also have the chance to be an active advocate for its conservation. Here are some ways to do so:

Avoid pollution:

Pollution is one of the primary threats to mangroves. Keep areas clean and take any trash you produce with you. Avoid dumping waste near mangroves and use biodegradable products whenever possible.

Respect their space:

Mangroves are more than mere trees; they are homes to countless species. Do not alter their habitat by cutting branches or filling areas. If you navigate near them, ensure not to anchor directly onto their roots. Let nature take its course and respect areas designated as protected.

Educate others:

Ignorance can be a significant threat to these ecosystems. Share with friends and family the importance of mangroves. Organize or attend educational talks, and promote awareness of their significance. Education is the key to their long-term preservation.

Participate in reforestation:

Mangrove degradation has led to the need for reforestation projects. If you have the chance, join local groups or initiatives working on mangrove restoration in the area. Your effort, whether planting a mangrove or financially supporting, can make a real difference.

Support local communities:

Local communities often rely on mangroves for their livelihood. By supporting local communities through sustainable tourism or purchasing local products, you’re indirectly helping protect the mangroves.

Coral reefs: Underwater biodiversity

Coral reefs are essential for the health of our oceans. They house a staggering variety of marine life and protect coastlines from storms.

How to help protect them:

Use “reef-friendly” sunscreens:

Many sunscreens contain chemicals that can harm corals. To protect coral reefs, opt for biodegradable sunscreens.

Don’t touch or step on corals:

When diving or snorkeling, it’s essential to be aware of our surroundings and avoid disturbing these fragile ecosystems. Despite being an error without malicious intent, this could be a serious event if repeated. Remember, it is our responsibility to avoid it. Corals are living organisms, thanks to which reefs are formed. These take years to grow, when touched they can break. And, even if they do not break with gentle contact with the hands, the polyps that compose it can be damaged, and the entire colony is contaminated.

Reduce, break free from plastic:

Coral reefs face multiple threats, and plastic waste is one of the most significant. Its mere presence in coral reefs can cause infections. Thus, a simple way to save coral reefs is by reducing our reliance on plastic. Start with simple actions like avoiding excessive food packaging and saying no to disposable cutlery and straws.

Practice Responsible Snorkeling:

Don’t feed, touch, or chase marine life! Your behavior might seem harmless, but human-initiated interactions create stress and anxiety in animals. When marine animals learn to expect food from tourists, it can massively impact local food chains and animal behavior, indirectly and negatively affecting coral reefs.

La Parguera and Sustainable Tourism

La Parguera, with its rich biodiversity and breathtaking landscapes, has captured the hearts of many travelers over the years. However, with the rise of tourism comes the responsibility to ensure these natural wonders are preserved for future generations.

Sustainable tourism isn’t just a trend but a necessity. It’s about finding a balance between allowing visitors to experience a place’s beauty and ensuring their impact isn’t detrimental to the environment. In La Parguera, this has become a mission.

Joy Tours has been at the forefront of this sustainable approach. More than just offering tours, they strive to educate visitors about the importance of conservation. From practices like limiting the number of visitors in certain areas to educating about proper interaction with marine life, Joy Tours ensures each experience is not only memorable but also nature-respectful.

Puerto Rico: Commitment to nature

Affectionately dubbed the “Island of Enchantment,” Puerto Rico enchants not only with its vibrant culture and warm people but also with its stunning natural diversity. From the high peaks of the Central Mountain Range to the crystal-clear beaches lining its coast, every corner of the island gleams with life.

This natural treasure has led Puerto Rico to adopt a deep and determined commitment to conservation. Throughout the island, you can find natural reserves, protected forests, and marine sanctuaries, all established with the purpose of safeguarding the territory’s rich biodiversity.

Local communities also play a vital role in these conservation efforts. Through educational programs and volunteering, Puerto Ricans of all ages learn about the importance of sustainability and how they can contribute to environmental protection.


In summary, Puerto Rico’s commitment to nature goes beyond words and policies; it’s a passion shared by its inhabitants and reflected in every action taken to preserve the island’s beauty and diversity.

La Parguera stands as a testament to Puerto Rico’s natural wealth and how sustainable tourism can play a role in its conservation. Each visit, each tour, is an opportunity to learn, appreciate, and contribute to the protection of these natural treasures.